Customize the style of your 4D View Pro documents

With 4D v17 R6, you can programmatically customize the style of your 4D View Pro documents. There’s three ways to go about it, you can: 1) use the default style commands to define the general style of a sheet, 2) use the stylesheet commands to define frequently used custom styles, and finally 3) use the cell style commands to define the style of specific cells.

HDI 4D View Pro Styles

The style commands use an object which allows you to define, for example: the foreground and background colors, cell background image, borders, cell padding, font, horizontal and vertical alignment, text decoration, and text indentation.

To define a default style use these commands:


To define a style sheet use:


And if you want to set or get a cell style or apply a style sheet use:


Default style

You can define the general style of your entire sheet easily by creating a default style. No need to use a range, just pass your style object to the VP SET DEFAULT STYLE command and you’re done. Thanks to the default style, you can drastically reduce the size of your document because the style is saved once with the document and not repeated in every cells.

Here is a code snippet to define the default font and background color of your sheet:

$style:=New object
$style.font:="14pt Arial"
VP SET DEFAULT STYLE ("ViewProArea";$style)

style sheet

If multiple cells need to use the same style, create a style sheet with VP ADD STYLESHEET and apply it on all cells. This way you can update the style of all cells (if necessary) at the same time.

Here’s some code to use borders and create tables in your document:

// Create the border style
$style:=New object
$style.font:="18pt Arial"

// create your stylesheet in the document
VP ADD STYLESHEET ("ViewProArea";"Table";$style)
// Apply the style
VP SET CELL STYLE (VP Cells ("ViewProArea";1;1;10;10);New object("name";"Table"))

cell style

You can also apply your style directly to specific cells thanks to the VP SET CELL STYLE command. Note that this means that your entire style object is copied to all of the specified cells. This can affect the size of your document.

For example, if you need to display a picture in a the background of a single cell:

// create style object
$style:=New object
$style.backgroundImage:=Get 4D folder(Current resources folder)+"4D.png"
$style.backgroundImageLayout:=vk image layout center

// Apply the style to specific cells
VP SET CELL STYLE (VP Cell ("ViewProArea";1;1);$style)


Because managing the borders of a range can be complex with the style attributes, we’ve added the new VP SET BORDER command.

For example, if you need to add a bold border style to the outside of your range with a lighter border style on the inside, like this: 

You can use this:

$range:=VP Cells ("ViewProArea";1;1;5;5)
// define border style
$border:=New object("color";"black")
//Apply the style to the left, top, right, and bottom borders of the range
$ line style thick
VP SET BORDER ($range;$border;New object("outline";True))
//Apply the style to the inner horizontal and vertical borders of the range
$ line style thin
VP SET BORDER ($range;$border;New object("inside";True))

More details can be found in the doc center.

Fabrice Mainguené
• Product Owner •Fabrice Mainguené joined 4D Program team in November, 2016. As a Product Owner, he is in charge of writing the user stories then translating it to functional specifications. His role is also to make sure that the feature implementation delivered is meeting the customer need.After obtaining a Bachelor degree in Computer Science at CNAM, Fabrice joined a small software publishing company as a Windev developer. Then he worked for different companies in industry and trade areas as a Windev and web developer as well as technical advisor on new features.